当前位置: 鸿鹏教育 >>> 鸿鹏考研 >>> 课程安排
-
考研首页
HP Home
鸿鹏通知
Notice
考研早知道
Early know
考研专业课
Courses
名师风采
Teacher
考研学员心得
Experience
.
热线电话:0451-88877551 88877552 86417512 86250818
.
 
  其它栏目
  站内导航
 

哈尔滨2016考研英语阅读题源经济学人文章:艺术市场

每年考研英语阅读篇章很多都取材于经济学人,因此2016年考研复习之初,一定要从基础打好,稳扎稳打。鸿鹏考研频道分享《经济学人》文章,希望大家能够多看、多练,提升阅读能力!

  2016考研英语阅读题源经济学人文章:艺术市场

  The art market

  艺术市场

  Fairly popular

  相当流行

  The rapid growth of art fairs is changing the waygalleries operate

  艺术品集会的快速发展正在改变画廊的运转方式

  That won't fit in the living room

  那并不适合放客厅里

  SHORTLY after The Economist went to press, about 25,000 people were expected to turn up atthe London Art Fair. Your correspondent visited just before, as 128 white booths were beingfilled with modern paintings and sculptures. Dealers clutched mobile phones to their ears orgathered in small groups. They seemed nervous—as well they might be. “I can earn a year'sliving in one fair,” said one harried dealer while stringing up a set of lights.

  就在本期《经济学人》付印后不久,预计有两万五千人次参加伦敦艺术博览会。笔者之前参观过这个艺术博览会,现代画和现代风格的雕塑填满了128个白色展览位。商人们紧紧把手机贴在耳朵旁,或者三五成群。他们看上去神情紧张—也许事实也如此。一位忙碌的经销商一边忙着吊起组灯,一边说“一次博览会能让我挣足一年的生计”。

  Before 1999 London had just one regular contemporary art fair, remembers Will Ramsay,boss of the expanding Affordable Art Fair. This year around 20 will be held in Britain, mostly inthe capital. Roughly 90 will take place worldwide. The success of larger events such as Frieze,which started in London, has stimulated the growth of smaller fairs specialising in craft work,ceramics and other things. Art14, which started last year, specialises in less well-knowninternational galleries, showing art from Sub-Saharan Africa, South Korea and Hong Kong.

  逐步壮大的平价艺术品展览会老板拉姆齐,犹记得1999年之前,伦敦只有一个定期开展的当代艺术博览会。今年,英国将开展20余场,大都聚集在首都伦敦。粗略估计,全世界范围内会开展约90个艺术博览会。一些大型博览会,如开办于伦敦的斐列兹博览会刺激了小型专业于艺术品、陶艺品之类博览会的成长。去年开办的Art14博览会专注于一些不知名的画廊,专门展出一些来自黑非洲、韩国以及香港的艺术品。

  One explanation for the boom is the overall growth of the modern-art market. Four-fifths ofall art sold at auction worldwide last year was from the 20th or 21st century, according toArtprice, a database. In November an auction in New York of modern and contemporary artmade $691m (£422m), easily breaking the previous record. As older art becomes harder tobuy—much of it is locked up in museums—demand for recent works is rising.

  艺术博览会的快速发展原因之一是全球当代艺术品市场的发展。据调研公司Artprice的数据,去年全球拍卖的艺术品中,有五分之四源于20世纪和21世纪。11月,纽约的一场现当代拍卖会创下了6亿9千1百万美元(约合4亿2千2百万欧元)交易额,轻松打破先前的记录。由于历史悠久些的艺术品变得难以购买(大部分都被锁在了博物馆里),所以对于近现代艺术品的需求有所上升。

  London's art market in particular has been boosted by an influx of rich immigrants fromRussia, China and the Middle East. “When I started 23 years ago I had not a single non-Western foreign buyer,” says Kenny Schachter, an art dealer. “It's a different world now.” AndLondon's new rich buy art differently. They often spend little time in the capital and do not knowit well. Traipsing around individual galleries is inconvenient, particularly as galleries have movedout of central London. The mall-like set-up of a fair is much more suitable.

  伦敦的艺术品市场还尤其受来自俄罗斯、中国和中东移民浪潮推动。“23年前我刚开始入行的时候,我连一个非西方买主都没有”一名艺术品经销商沙克特说道:“世道变了”。而且伦敦的新富购买艺术品口味各异。他们很少花时间在成本上,对此了解也不多。漫步在个人画廊中很不便,尤其是当画廊都从伦敦市中心搬出去后。而商场式的集会设置就显得更为合适。

  Commercial galleries used to rely on regular visits from rich Britons seeking to furnish theirstately homes. Many were family friends. The new art buyers have no such loyalty. People nowvisit galleries mainly to go to events and to be seen, says Alan Cristea, a gallery owner on Corkstreet in Mayfair. Fairs, and the parties that spring up around them, are much better places tobe spotted.

  商业画廊过去一向依靠那些英国富人的定期造访,他们寻求艺术品来装饰他们富丽堂皇的家。还有一些还是亲友。那些新兴艺术品购买者没有这么忠诚。梅菲尔区科克街的画廊主克里斯蒂说,人们现在造访画廊主要是去参加活动。他们的周围充斥着各种集市还有聚会,都是更值得去的地方。

  Some galleries are feeling squeezed. Bernard Jacobson runs a gallery opposite Mr Cristea. Thechanging art market reminds him of when his father, a chemist, was eclipsed by Boots, apharmaceutical chain, in the 1960s. Seven galleries in Cork Street relocated this month to makeway for a redevelopment; five more may follow later this year.

  一些画廊感受到了相当的压力。雅各布森经营的画廊就在克里斯蒂的对面。艺术品市场的变化提醒他,他的化学家父亲因上世纪六十年代的制药锁链而失败。本月,科克街的七家画廊为了再发展决定迁址;还有五家在今年末也会跟随他们的脚步迁址。

  Yet the rise of the fairs means galleries no longer require prime real estate, thinks Sarah Monkof the London Art Fair. With an international clientele, many can work online or from home.Although some art fairs still require their exhibitors to have a gallery space, increasingly theseare small places outside central London or beyond the city altogether. One gallery owner saysfew rich customers ever visit his shop in south London. He makes all his contacts at the boothshe sets up at fairs, which might be twice the size of his store. “It's a little like fishing,” heexplains. “You move to where the pike is.”

  伦敦艺术博览会的芒克认为,艺术品集市的兴起意味着画廊再不需要黄金地带。有了国际顾客,许多画廊可以网上交易或者居家办公。即使一些艺术品集市仍然要求参展商拥有展示空间,伦敦市中心外或伦敦之外不断的有小型地皮出现。一名画廊主说,他在在南部伦敦的店很少有有钱顾客光顾。他把所有联系都放在了他集会的展位上,因为展位可能是他店的两倍大。“这有一点像钓鱼”他解释道“鱼上哪,你上哪。

  1.expect to 期待

  例句:They expect to gain over a lot of converts.

  他们指望能争取许多改变信仰的人。

  2.turn up 出现

  例句:Bill would turn up the TV in the other room.

  比尔会把另一个房间里的电视声音开大。

  3.fill with 充满

  例句:The spirit of God will fill you with love and joy so that you won't need any othersubstance.

  神的灵让你心里充满了爱和喜乐,以致你不再需要其他东西。

  4.rely on 依靠

  例句:It would be rash to rely on such evidence.

  依靠这样的证据是草率的。

分享到:
继续浏览
鸿鹏通知
more >>
  考研早知道
more >>
 
课程安排
more >>
  考研专业课
more >>
 

地址:哈市南岗区西大直街118号,工大集团哈特大厦19层1901室(乘车至西大桥站下车) Copyright ? 2001-2014 Weaver Network All Rights Reserved. 黑ICP备05040488   

QQ在线